Monetary Policy of RBI in India: Monetary policy is the process by which monetary authority of a country, generally a central bank controls the supply of money in the economy by its control over interest rates in order to maintain price stability and achieve high economic growth.
In India, the central monetary authority is the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). is so designed as to maintain
the price stability in the economy.
Other objectives of the monetary policy of India, as stated by RBI, are:1. Price Stability
2. Controlled Expansion Of Bank Credit3. Promotion of Fixed Investment
4. Restriction of Inventories and stocks5. To Promote Efficiency
6. Reducing the Rigidity
Major Monetary Operations:1. Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR): Cash Reserve Ratio is a certain percentage of bank deposits which banks are required to keep with RBI in the form of reserves or balances. Higher the CRR with the RBI lower will be the liquidity in the system and vice versa. RBI is empowered to vary CRR between 15 percent and 3 percent. But as per the suggestion by the Narsimham committee Report the CRR was reduced from 15% in the 1990 to 5 percent in 2002.
2. Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR): Every financial institution has to maintain a certain quantity of liquid assets with themselves at any point of time of their total time and demand liabilities. These assets have to be kept in non cash form such as G-secs precious metals, approved securities like bonds etc. The ratio of the liquid assets to time and demand liabilities is termed as the Statutory liquidity ratio.There was a reduction of SLR from 38.5% to 25% because of the suggestion by Narshimam Committee.3. Bank Rate Policy: The bank rate, also known as the discount rate, is the rate of interest charged by the RBI for providing funds or loans to the banking system. This banking system involves commercial and co-operative banks, Industrial Development Bank of India, IFC, EXIM Bank, and other approved financial institutes.
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